In studies, chronic abdominal pain and discomfort affect about 22% of the population, more commonly in women than in men.
A common type of headache is experienced in the back of the head, often shooting up the scalp and perceived
Because pain is so deeply wired in the brain as a danger signal, patients with pain often avoid touching or
For chronic pain conditions, gabapentinoids (gabapentin & pregabalin) are often first-line treatments because of their effectiveness & safety. They bind
CGRP plays a key role in central chronic pain by mediating “neurogenic inflammation”. In this process, sensory nerves which usually
A chronic neck pain & headache following rear-ending car accidents, whiplash is often due to widespread minor injuries to neck
Patients with fibromyalgia experience chronic, diffuse pain across the body, due to exquisitely sensitivity of the brain & spinal cord
Axial low back pain is often due to arthritic pain of spine facet joints, which sustain wear-and-tear from daily activities.