The vertebrae, which protect the spinal cord and spinal nerves, through daily activities experience normal wear-and-tear. Sometimes this causes slight
Axial low back pain is often due to arthritic pain of spine facet joints, which sustain wear-and-tear from daily activities.
Small sensory nerves throughout the body gather information & interact with the body directly. This nerve-body interface underlies many diseases.
Patients with pain often feel that pain causes more pain. Pain is persistent and many treatments that seem at first
Pain signals converge in the core of the brainstem where they deeply influence behavior. For checks & balances, the brainstem
Sometimes long after surgical wounds have healed, the scars remain painful due to sensitized nerve endings in the scars. While
Nerve ablation is key to the treatment of chronic pain. Ablation reduces nerve pain, as well as pain from spine
Pain signal is sent from tissue to the brain. Once in the brain, the signal causes pain. At each stage
In patients with central sensitization, pain signal is generated directly from within the spinal cord & brain. This means treatments
Unlike acute pain, most chronic pain conditions are characterized by “central sensitization.” This is a process where the pain is